Lordship of Vignacourt
Several lords possessed the title of Vidame of Amiens, this seigneurial title was not been used frequently. It was linked to land, a fief, the fortress of Amiens and several localities of this region. They were in charge of ensuring the management of their domain but they also had to intervene on the monuments of the territory and all the communication routes.
Sieur de Varennes left his name for example to the little "Wood of Varennes" adjoining the Vignacourt forest. The Hornas street comes from the fiefdom of Sieur Brunel d'Horna.
Some documentary sources are sometimes contradictory in the chronology of the facts and must be the subject of more in-depth research ...
The Lordship of vignacourt has belonged to:
- AMIENS family
- Family Varennes,
- Family Rayneval,
- Familly d' AILLY,
- of Albert Duke of Chaulnes,
- of Liefman CALMER,
- of Charles François DESELLE.
The oldest known of the lineage, he was Lord of Amiens residing at the citadel, a fortress located in Amiens, called at this time by Castillon. He lived around the 1100s.
His wife was Béatrice of Boves. They had sons Hugues and Guy 1er of Amiens. Hugues will become Archbishop of Rouen. He followed theology courses in Laon but he was born in Amiens. He died in 1164 and was buried at Rouen Cathedral. You can see his recumbent effigy there.
Coat of arms of family d'Amiens, lord of Vignacourt
Guy Ist of AMIENS
Feudal lord and prince of Amiens, Lord of Flixecourt, Vinacourt, La Broye and other places.
He married Mathilde d'Enguerrand de Boves in 1112. He was linked to the King of England, Henry I. They had a son Aleaume.
The castle of Amiens was destroyed by King Louis VI called "Louis the fat" despite the energy deployed by Guy I of Amiens to avoid this. The king seized the castle after several attempts and he gave the order to raze it in 1117.
His first name was sometimes written by this way: "Alerme". He was lord of Flixecourt, Etoile and Outrebois. He had a son Guy D'amiens. He died on June 21, 1175.
He would have been buried at the Priory of Moreaucourt, of which he was the founder in 1146. This site was located in the village of l'Etoile, it was rebuilt many times.
Guy II D'AMIENS
He was the feudal lord of Amiens, and also lord of Vignacourt, Flixecourt, Canaple, Etoile. Flesselles, Talmas. He was married to Miss Thomas of Boves.
They had 2 children:
- Pierre d'Amiens
- Dreux d'Amiens - the elder
Knight lord of Vignacourt, Flixecourt d'Aubigny, and other places. He married Marguerite Comte de Saint-Pol. They had 5 children including Regnault d'Amiens.
Lord of Vignacourt and another place (Flixecourt... ). He was was a strong Christian and has founded the collegiate church of Vignacourt and the "organization" (several Canons).
He was initially Canon at the Amiens cathedral in 1200. The old cathedral of Amiens burned in 1218. It was struck by lightning and has burned.
It was on the death of his brother that he resigned from this function and married Mathilde. They had several children including Dreux II d'Amiens. Regnault was buried in the collegiate church of Vignacourt next to his wife in 1227.
The coat of arms of the family of Amiens is composed of 3 rafters. This template is used by the Flixecourt village (near Vignacourt).
Dreux II D'AMIENS
Lord of Vignacourt and another place (Flixecourt... ). He has 2 daughters:
- Marguerite married Enguerrand de Fiefs in 1276,
- Jeanne, Dame de La Broye
Jean de VARENNES
Lord of Vignacourt, Flixecourt.
He married Agnès d'Aubigny, Lady of La Broye, who died prematurely in 1227. They had a son named Jean.
Jean II de VARENNES
Lord of Vignacourt, of Flixecourt and La Broye.
Wedding with Jeanne of Picquigny in 1281.
Jean III de VARENNES
Lord of Vignacourt, Flixecourt and La Broye. He married Isabelle de Wallencourt. A girl named Jeanne will be born of this marriage.
Jeanne de VARENNES
Jeanne married Raynevald's Wallerand. They had 3 children including:
- Jean de Rayneval. He will lose his life at the Battle of Agincourt (Azincourt).
- Aubert de Rayneval will also die on October 25, 1415.
- Jeanne de Rayneval, the only girl.
Jeanne de Rayneval
Jeanne married in 1387 with Baudouin d'Ailly, vidame of Amiens, Baron de Picquigny, lord of Vignacourt. The origin of the Ailly family is from Ailly-le-Haut-Clocher village.
Baudouin was in the service of King Charles V. He will lose his life at the Battle of Agincourt. Jeanne gave birth to two children:
- Raoul III of Ailly
- Jeanne d'Ailly
Raoul III d'Ailly
He was lord of Varennes, of Raineval and Vidame d'Amiens.
He married in 1413 with Jacqueline de Bethune. Several children will be born from this union, including Jean d'Ailly.
He was born in Raineval. He had the titles of Vidame d'Amiens, Lord of Rayneval.
He married Yolande of Bourgogne. They have 3 children including Charles d'Ailly.
He has the title of Amiens vidame, linked to the feudal status of the territory.
He married Philippa de Crèvecoeur. They had a son named Antoine.
He married Marguerite de Melun on October 29, 1518.
Their son was Philibert-Emmanuel d'Ailly.
Lord of Vignacourt, of Flixecourt, vidame of Amiens, Baron de Picquigny, knight of the order of the king. He married Louise d'Ognies.
They have had 4 children including 3 deceased young sons and Charlotte-Eugénie d'Ailly. She married Honoré of Albert Duc de Chaulnes.
Honoré d'ALBERT, Duke of Chaulnes
Knight of the King's Orders, Marshal of France, General in Picardy, Governor of the city and the Citadel of Amiens.
His union with Charlotte-Eugénie D'Ailly was accepted on the condition that his descendants perpetuate the name D'AILLY. They had 2 sons:
- Henri-Louis d'Ailly married with Miss de Neufville de Villeroy. A girl is born of this union.
- Charles of Albert, Ailly, Duke of Chaulnes.
Honoré of Albert, Duke of Chaulnes © The British Museum
Charles d'ALBERT, D'AILLY, Duke of Chaulnes
He was born in 1625. He married Elisabeth le Feron. It was on the death of his older brother that he inherited the title of Duke of Chaulnes. They will not have children.
He was lieutenant-general of the king’s armies, Governor of Amiens, Governor of Brittany, French ambassador to Rome from 1666 to 1668, in 1670 and from 1689 to 1691.
He bequeathed his legacy to Louis Auguste d'Albert d'Ailly, his nephew in 1698.
Charles d'Albert d'Ailly © Met Museum
Louis Auguste d'Albert d'AILLY, Duc de Chaulnes
He was born in 1676. He became Lieutenant General of Picardy in 1692.
He had also the titles of Vidame d'Amiens, Count of Picquigny, Duke of Chaulnes, brigadier of the King's armies and Captain Lieutenant of the Company of the 200 light horses of the ordinary guard of his majesty.
He is married to Marie Anne Romaine de Beaumanoir whose father is governor of Brittany, on July 21, 1704. He died in 1744 in Finistère in Morlaix.
Michel Ferdinand d'Albert d'AILLY, Duc de Chaulnes
He is married to Anne-Joseph Bonnier de la Mosson in 1734.
He was a physicist and astronomer but also Governor of Amiens and Corbie in 1743. He was also President of the Royal Academy of Sciences in 1746, 1750 and 1759. He commissioned several physics instruments such as a bronze microscope between 1750 and 1760 that can be seen at the Arts et Métiers museum in Paris. He died in 1769.
Louis Joseph d'ALBERT, d'AILLY, Duc de Chaulnes
He was born in 1741. He was married to Marie Paul Angélique of Albert de Luynes in 1758 in the Paris region.
He sells the lordship Vignacourt on 27 April 1774 to Pierre BRYET.
He was a squire, Monsieur de Bernapré. A year later, he resold on April 25, 1775, the lordship to Liefman CALMER.
He was born in northern Germany at Aurich in 1711. He moved to La Haye in Holland where he has been thriving and moved later to Paris in 1769.
He obtained the title of Lord of Vignacourt, Vidame of Amiens, Baron of Picquigny with the purchasing credits of the Duck of Chaulnes in 1774. Vidame was a title of French nobility very unusual. He died at Paris 10 years later, in 1784.
His wife Rachel Moïses Isaakes was buried too, to Paris Pere-Lachaise cemetery, in 1817.
Charles Francois DESELLE
Lord of Chatellenie of Vignacourt, Breilly-sur-Somme (8 mi from Vignacourt), Toulay (near Breilly) and other places. Knight, Counselor of the King and vidame of Amiens city. Vidame a french word from Latin "Vicedominus" reliant on the feudal status of the territory.
Lord of county Mesnil-Saint-Denis and Beaurain and other places.
He died in 1814 at around 65 years old.
His name was written differently according to various sources but for Vignacourt, it was DESELLE at the date of the french revolution.
Charles-François DESELLE © Olivier FAUVEAU
Portrait painted by Joseph Ducreux XVIII, the Marie-Antoinette painter,
another details on this link: mesnil.saint.denis.free.fr