The War of 1870
The Franco-Prussian War took place from July 1870 to the end of January 1871. This period marks the end of the second empire. This war opposed France to the kingdom of Prussia. France declared war on Prussia on July 19, 1870.
"They must know what we suffered in 1870 and try to erase the memory of it"
French General Niox - June 1, 1896
The Germans will mobilize 460,000 men and 1,500 guns on the front line, divided into 3 armies. The first army led by General Steinmetz, the second under Prince Frederick Charles, the king's nephew and the third army by Prince Frederick, son of King William.
France has a workforce of 375,000 active troops and 175,000 reserve troops. These young people fit for the service or the supervision of the troops did not receive any instruction. Military service in the active army lasted 5 years and 4 years for the reserve.
Photo credit, courtesy of M. Patrick Demerb - www.laguerrede1870
The Franco-Prussian war left marks in the collective memory. The Prussian soldiers entered Vignacourt on horseback wearing their pointed helmet. These facts were reported to us by our elders, this information has been passed on to us from generation to generation.
In a circular dating from 1870 of the regional prefect, it was stated: "if the Prussian horsemen are sighted, ring the bell to alert the police force" (National Guard and firemen…).
On the outskirts, the rumours circulated that the enemy was at Vignacourt with canons end January 1871.
Credit photo private collection
The fight of Wissembourg - August 4, 1870
Battle of Froeschwiller - August 6, 1870
Battle of Forbach (or Spicheren) - August 6, 1870
Borny - August 14, 1870 - Metz
Rezonville - August 16, 1870 - Metz
Saint-Privat - August 18, 1870 - Metz
Battle of Beaumont - August 30, 1870
Battle of Bazeilles - August 31, 1870
Battle of Sedan - September 1, 1870
Fights of Artenay - October 10, 1870
Ham - November 19, 20, 21, 1870
Amiens - Villers-Bretonneux - November 27, 1870
Battle of Hallue - 23-24 December 1870
Bapaume - 3 January, 1871
Saint-Quentin - January 19 - 1871