Home > Economy > traditionals professions
The blacksmith farrier on the right and the Municipal drum on the left.
Blacksmith farrier: He made pieces for horseshoes but also to other draught animals.
Mr. Caron's forge was situated between "rue d'en Bas" and Follemprise street in the photo above, we can see the horse shoeing on the right and on the left the Municipal drum. He was not the only blacksmith farrier at this time.
Carpenter: Wood craftsman doing assembly of the wood structure of the roof. Initially, the complete structure of the house was in wood...
Carrier: Person who ensured the carriage of goods per road, or inland waterway.
Cartwright: Whichever manufactures carriages, as well as the wheels of these.
Cooper: A cooper's job was to make barrels with various sizes and repairs them. The barrel was hammered around the fire at the time of the strapping.
Day laborer: Many of us will find ancestors who have worked as day laborer. Journalier is the french word. This refers to the "Journal", former agrarian measure. This area corresponded to the quantity of land that a man could work with a plow in a day, or cutting of this surface. It is actually a farm worker sollicited for a day, like a temporary worker, these days.
Hatter: She made and sold the hats. She had the opportunity to stock up in the main centers, but it is likely for our village a manufacturing made on site. It was custom-made for each client, hats, caps, berets and bonnets. She made lot of pieces for children.
Hawker: Collecting the fresh products in the campaigns to resell them at the market. (Eggs, poultry and vegetables).
Innkeeper: Owner of small hostel, tavern, where we could eat and sleep. (19th century)
Lumberjack: Person whose job was to cut down trees in the forest. He supplied also the carpenters.
Merchant of flax: Flax cloth salesman.
Miller: Person who exploits a mill, or who manufactures of flour.
Ornamental metalworker: Manufacturer of iron objects, artistic pieces, grids such as parts of the church of Vignacourt, very well-made.
Pitsawyers: is an old trade soon disappeared, with exception of a few workers in islands in the world, where access is relatively difficult. They are replaced by modern machines.
The work consisted in cutting the trees in boards or beams, were to be split lengthwise, with a saw equipped with 2 handles. It was necessary to be two, to carry out this task.
They intervened after the woodcutter’s job, once the tree was felled. They could saw directly in the forest, allowing an easier transport of the pieces roughed down. At Vignacourt, the number of carpenters was quite important, they had to be supplied accordingly.
Rope-maker: Person which manufactures ropes.
Rural guard: (Municipal drum) Trainer police in the territory of a rural commune but he informed the population, by the making announcements in the streets.
Saddlers: This craftsman worked leather. He manufactured harnesses of draught animals and straps. The word come from ancient french "bourrel" for woolen cluster..
Spinner: Person who spins a textile at the hand.
Tilemaker: He manufactured roof purlins or tiles. He had to supply the land, mixed the material, mold and dry the pieces, and baked then.
Watchmaker: In the Lecointe family, we were watchmakers from father to son. The newlyweds could receive a clock as a gift. They also provided the neighboring villages. If you have a clock identical to the model below, I suggest you carefully open the wooden box (on the side) and check if there are indications in pencil such as a year, the name newlyweds or even the name of the craftsman who assembled the piece.
The name of Mr. Lecointe was mentioned sometimes on the dial directly, like this one below (to the right of the needle). This job required meticulousness, practice and theoretical knowledge.
A clock manufactured by M. Lecointe
Weaver: Manufacturer of silk or wool fabrics.
Wheelwright : He made carts and the wheels of these vehicles.
Wood-turner: This craftsman worked wood with a hand turn. It is always fascinating to see the realization of the pieces for those who still work in a traditionnal way. (18th century)