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Home > Economy > Traditionals jobs



Traditionals professions


blacksmith farrier

The blacksmith farrier on the right and the Municipal drum on the left.


Baker: After kneading the bread dough, he put his preparations in the brick oven. He used the heat of his oven also for cook pies, cakes, sometimes even the neighbors could come to make cook one achievement.

Blacksmith farrier: He made pieces for horseshoes but also to other draught animals
Mr. Caron's forge was situated between "rue d'en Bas" and Follemprise street in the photo above. He was not the only blacksmith farrier at this time.

Carpenter: Wood craftsman doing assembly of the wood structure of the roof. Initially, the complete structure of the house was in wood... He sometimes worked for castles, like that of Picquigny in the 15th century for the realization of a wooden fence.

Carrier: Person who ensured the carriage of goods per road, or inland waterway.

Cartwright: Whichever manufactures carriages, as well as the wheels of these.

Cooper: A cooper's job was to make barrels of various sizes and repairs them. The barrel was hammered around the fire at the time of the strapping.

Day laborer: Many of us will find ancestors who have worked as a day laborer. Journalier is the french word. This refers to the "Journal", former agrarian measure. This area corresponded to the quantity of land that a man could work with a plow in a day or cutting of this surface. It is actually a farmworker solicited for a day, like a temporary worker, these days.

Forewoman: Job exerted in the fishing net factory by Miss Gente. It was still relevant in 1947. In the workshop, there was also foremen.

Gatekeeper: The gatekeeper job still existed after the first world war. He had to handle the railroad crossing with constant surveillance.

Hatter: She made and sold the hats. She had the opportunity to stock up in the main centers, but it is likely for our village manufacturing made on site. It was custom-made for each client, hats, caps, berets, and bonnets. She made a lot of pieces for children.

Hawker: The collection of fresh produce was made in the countryside to sell to the market (eggs, poultry, vegetables) or even pancakes, and sometimes periwinkles, were sold to soldiers during the world wars with the wicker basket.

Horticulturist: The art of cultivating the gardens. The meaning of "Hortus", from the Latin is garden. It was the case in particular for Mr. CAVILLON, he began at the age of 19 years old, he exercised this profession for 45 years with passion and he received a lot of rewards. He was located in the street "d'Hornas" before the 1st world war. His father was a farmer to the next village of Vaux-en-Amienois.

Innkeeper:Owner of a small hostel, tavern, where we could eat and sleep. (19th century).

Locksmith: The manufacturer of locks, he worked the metal.

Lumberjack: Person whose job was to cut down trees in the forest. He supplied also the carpenters.

Merchant of calves, chickens, porks : A complement activity for farmers, they sold these animals after raising them in the open air.

Merchant of fabrics: They traded in Indian fabric, Rouen fabric. The fabrics were most likely bought in the city of Rouen (the most logical place in terms of logistics ...). The story of this fabric is available on the website: neoartscrafts.free.fr

Merchant of fishes: The fresh fish was sourcing near the Somme Bay (Crotoy). For the hitch, he used the Boulonnais, a draught horse. The job was hectic, you had to pay entrance fees, rights of way, avoid bandits on great roads. The job going to down with from the openning of the railway line from Boulogne-sur-mer to Paris in 1848.

Merchant of flax: He grew the flax and sale it to the local manufacturers, for instance, for the manufacturing of linen bag or twisting company.

Merchant of oil: He sells the oil made mainly in the village in the mills dedicated to the manufacture of oil.

Merchant of skins: He probably bought the skins of animals from the farmer's, his task was to clean them, he treated them (tanning), cut the skins and resell them.

Merchant of vegetables: She grew vegetables all year round in her garden.

Miller: His job is to operate a mill which he sometimes owned. It was a question of making flour or oil.

Ornamental metalworker: Manufacturer of iron objects, artistic pieces, grids such as parts of the church of Vignacourt, very well-made.

Pitsawyers: is an old trade soon disappeared, with the exception of a few workers in islands in the world, where access is relatively difficult. They are replaced by modern machines.

The work consisted of cutting the trees in boards or beams, were to be split lengthwise, with a saw equipped with 2 handles. It was necessary to be two, to carry out this task.

They intervened after the woodcutter’s job, once the tree was felled. They could saw directly in the forest, allowing easier transport of the pieces roughed down. At Vignacourt, the number of carpenters was quite important, they had to be supplied accordingly.



Roofer: This craftsman laid the tiles for conventional roofs and was set up the wood framework too (before the 1st world war). In the past, there were also roofers but for the thatched roof, (18th century).

Rope-maker: Person which manufactures ropes.

Rural guard: (Municipal drum) Trainer police in the territory of a rural commune but he informed the population, by making announcements in the streets.


Municipal drum

Municipal drum


Saddlers: This craftsman worked leather. He manufactured harnesses of draught animals and straps. The word comes from ancient french "bourrel" for woolen cluster.

Shoemaker: The main task was to repair the shoes, to resoled, to repair the soles. A pair of shoes was an investment that needed to be maintained as long as possible.

Stonecutter: He was self-employed. (Family Maquet)

Tilemaker: He manufactured roof purlins or tiles. He had to supply the land, mixed the material, mold and dry the pieces, and baked then.

Watchmaker: In the Lecointe family, we were watchmakers from father to son. The newlyweds could receive a clock as a gift. They also provided the neighboring villages. If you have a clock identical to the model below, I suggest you carefully open the wooden box (on the side) and check if there are indications in pencil such as a year, the name newlyweds or even the name of the craftsman who assembled the piece.
The name of Mr. Lecointe was mentioned sometimes on the dial directly, like this one below (to the right of the needle). This job required meticulousness, practice and theoretical knowledge.

Clock manufacture in Picardy

A clock manufactured by M. Lecointe


Weaver: Manufacturer of silk or wool fabrics. For those who work at home, he didn't keep track of his hours, he was paid by the piece.

Weaver for woolen sock: The anciant french word for this job was "Badestamier" with a connexion of the word "estaim" wool.

The woolen stocking maker. These weavers were not numerous in our village and canton but we had some looms.A highly regulated profession, authorized in our region and Amiens in 1700. The stockings were fashioned with fine wool, estaim wool.

Metier à bas

« Source gallica.bnf.fr / BnF »


Wheelwright: He worked wood as the carpenter, and the iron like a blacksmith.
He built carts, wheelbarrows, and wheels of these vehicles and farmers' tools such as plow, harrow, roller, seeders.

Wood-turner: This craftsman worked wood with a hand turn. It is always fascinating to see the realization of the pieces for those who still work in a traditional way. (18th century)

Wool spinner: This person uses a spinning wheel to spin wool. The wheel is activated by the central pedal to free the hands, to spin the wool. The thread is disentangled and then the textile fiber gathered.

spinning wheel

The spinning wheel