Vignacourt has a long-standing reputation as a tradesmen village. This is explained by differents facts : In the past, many people were merchants : merchants of floax, hats, cattle, hawkers...
Afterward fairs and markets had lot of success and were crowded and they had a regional scope. Fairs were developed with the support of the local lords.
Today, the number of shopkeepers and craftsmem remains high and diversified and the flea market wins a great success every year. (May)
On the sections below, you can discover more about the history of:
Origin of Vignacourt's name
Multiple spellings of Vignacourt were recorded through the centuries. One of the signification of the name origin of Vignacourt is comes from latin: country of wines. Currently, there are 2 streets with the vine name ("under the vines" ; "with wines).
Formerly, there are more streets with vines names (above the vines, under the vines... )
Historians who worked on the period of the Middle Ages specifies that "many vineyards were planted around Amiens and the harvest was abundant". Fact, difficult to believe by the current locals because the weather is never sunny all year in nothern France.
It wasn't a great wine but at that time the first preoccupation was the food and wine was used for sauces preparation (to add spice).
The activity was as important as the cultivating the land but the cultivation of wines deteriorated after the most rigorous winter of 1323.
The coat of arms of the Vignacourt village
The knights paticipating in the first Crusades needed to differentiate themselves: it was the emergence of shields and coat of arms. They meet certain criteria, such as the choice of color according to the region of origin.
The villages coat of arms will appear much later. The coat of arms of vignacourt is surmounted by a crown with 3 towers. The template with red lily flowers on a gray background is also on Simon Wignacourt's coat of arms.
The village's coat of arms
The wignacourt's coat of arms
The street of "millers" and street of "the mill of stone" confirms the existence in the past from more windmills.
In the street of the millers, there were 2 mills where people could come grind their harvest. The mills no longer exist today. One was burned as evidenced by the name assigned" the road of burned windmill", others have disappeared during the war, as in some villages in the region.
Authentic old windmill of Vignacourt disappared.
The Cassini’s map
The Cassini's map is the first drawing of the France’s Kingdom. The measures were done 30 years before the French revolution by César-François Cassini and Jean-Dominique Cassini. We can discover the churches, mills, forests and the Roman way Brunehaut (in french : “Chaussée Brunehaut”).
For Vignacourt, you can see the ancient writing of : Vinacourt on the map, the church symbolized by the cross, one windmill, and the Roman way passing through the forest.
The Roman Way
Today, some sections of this path are still visible in our village but in the direction of St-Vaast village (in going to Amiens direction)…
The origin of the roman way : 'Brunehaut" date back from Middle Ages. Its name comes from some "Brune al" (the stone used on this way), for others the legend of Queen Bruneaut, or the name of a king: Brunhild.
The calvary crosses
The calvary crosses were placed at road junctions, which allowed to the Romans to find their way. Later, they became religious symbols. In other neighboring regions, these landmarks were oratories.
In our village, they were mainly positionned at the end or at the beginning of a few streets. Some of them were restored in recent years.
The calvary crosse at the entrance of the village.