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The 30 Years' War


The 30 Years War began in 1618 and ended in 1648. It opposed several European sovereigns over political and religious conflicts.

It is Europe as a whole that will suffer from these fights. The signing of the Treaty of Westphalia will redefine the territories.


- Local situation
- Key dates





The Somme area will be attacked several times by the Spanish cavalry headed by
Jean de Werth. Several towns will be looted and burnt down such as Bray-sur-Somme, Longueau, Corbie, Saleux, Salouël, Vignacourt ...

The treaties of Wesphalie are signed on October 24, 1648. The possession of a large part of Alsace is confirmed for France as well as three bishoprics: Metz, Toul and Verdun.

Artois is linked to France by the Treaty of the Pyrenees in 1659.



Key dates

- Prague May 23, 1618,

- Spanish War 1635 to 1659

- Corbie - August 15, 1636,

- The battle of Rocroi - May 19, 1643,

- The treaties of Wesphalie 1648,

- The treaty of the Pyrenees 1659.