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Home > Economy > Activity weaving




The weavers were commonly known as the "launchers of shuttles" in the language of Picardy. In the past, rural work was more in keeping with the seasons. Many farmers worked in the fields in the summer, and in winter they went to other more or less profitable occupations such as weaving. They worked on looms mainly to supply large centers like the Amiens city.
This was not reserved only for farmers, the day laborers, the Workers. They needed extra income during the low season or after a day of work, they were busy with this activity.

At that time, many of them had a home loom on the ground floor of the house. The noise of the machines resonated late in the night and their use was not without risk.

The work advanced step by step, with the using of the shuttle on which was fixed the weft thread. After each pass, it was necessary to put pressure on the work done to tighten the yarn just assembled, with the removable frame: the comb. The pedals allowed to operate specific frames whose purpose was to use various wires according to the desired pattern.

The size of the loom could vary according to the dimensions of the requested fabrics but in the humble homes, it was a modest size. The more complex the pattern was, the greater the number of threads, colors, and the high completion time.

A work of patience which could lead injuries to the hands, with the sequence of gesture, the pace and the pressure brought on the threads. The seating posture could cause pain after several hours bent over the work.

The looms were more and more perfected but for home-workers, it was the most usual way to do this work. In 1926, in Vignacourt, some weavers still made beautiful fabrics, despite the activity decline.


Loom of Picardy